Centre for Evidence-based Medicine (CEBM)

The Centre for Evidence-based Medicine is comprehensive and has great theoretical information and practical tips on EBP.

There is a range of EBM Tools that cover each step of the EBP Process.

Of specific interest may be:

Information Skills Tutorial

The Medicine Information Skills Tutorial website has a free, step-by-step tutorial on a range of topics to improve your information skills.

Tutorial topics include:

BMJ How to Read a Paper series

The How to Read a Paper series by Trish Greenhalgh and colleagues, published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) are easy to read guides for critical appraisal of the evidence. There are multiple articles covering general and specific research designs (e.g. systematic reviews) and great resources for understanding statistics.

Searching using PICO searches in databases

Some databases allow for a search that uses the PICO framework directly. Here are some examples to help you search for relevant secondary and primary sources for your clinical question:

Coloured or Irlen lenses for reading difficulties - Part 2: Acquire

 Searching using the PICO:

The suggested PICO from Step 1: Ask was For children with reading difficulties (P) does coloured lenses (I) improve vision and/or reading ability (0). Using the PICO table keywords and synonyms were established, developing a search string of:

Coloured or Irlen lenses for reading difficulties

You have been referred a 12 year old female who is having trouble reading at school for assessment, diagnosis and management. The child is also seeing a psychologist, speech pathologist and educational tutor regarding her learning. Her mother heard about coloured lenses and overlays in the media and wants to see whether these strategies could be beneficial for her daughter's reading.

Joanna Briggs Institute

The Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) is an international non-for-profit institute based in the School of Translational Science, within the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Adelaide, South Australia. The general website provides information on evidence-based practice, syntheses using systematic reviews, resources for appraising methodological quality and also has a focus on implementing evidence-based practice.

It has a wealth of resources that are certainly worth a look. A few special mentions include:

    Searching using the MeSH vocabulary in PubMED and Medline

    Once you know the searching basics, these resources from PubMED may help you articles more efficiently by using the MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) - a standard keyword vocabulary used in Medicine and related fields. According to PubMED, these resources may be of particular interest to searchers of MEDLINE®/PubMed®, and is used in the PubMed search classes offered by NLM and the National Training Center and Clearinghouse.

    How to use your PICO question to search effectively

    PICO questions help you capture all the important aspects of a question. But more than that, they help you find relevant articles to answer your question, faster! This resource provides a worksheet of how to make a PICO question and directly translate that into search terms. A worked example and tips are also provided to set you on our way to providing evidence-based advice. It is in word format so you can type into the sheet to save time.

    EBP Interest Group Introductory meeting October 2013

    Here is a pdf copy of the slides and notes used for the first EBP Interest Group meeting conducted in October 2013 at the University of New South Wales. If you are interested in a copy of the PowerPoint slides or want to participate in the group, please contact us at eboptometry@unsw.edu.au.


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